sañjaya uvāca —
taṁ tathā kṛpayāviṣṭam
viṣīdantam idaṁ vākyam
uvāca madhusūdanaḥ

Sañjaya said: “Śrī Madhusūdana thus spoke these words to the lamenting Arjuna, who was overwhelmed with compassion and whose restless eyes were full of tears.”


Kṛṣṇa thought, “Arjuna has surrendered unto Me, so now I will guide him.”

Sanjaya understood the desire of Dhṛtarāṣṭra and thus described how Kṛṣṇa smiled and told His friend, “Now you are my disciple? Okay, now hear my instructions.”

When the conditioned souls are nearby God, the Holy dhāma and the Vaiṣṇavas, yet they look towards māyā, distancing themselves from God, then—mundane rasa, attachment, attraction and affection catches and acquires them. Thus they lose their energy, intelligence and faith thereby becoming hopeless, losing all spiritual practice and strength. All energy and taste are lost and one becomes very weak. Kṛṣṇa reveals this through the example of Arjuna. Arjuna is the very close friend of Kṛṣṇa and is accompanying Him, but when he wandered a little away from Kṛṣṇa, towards māyā and his material blood relations, then he became bewildered.

On one side, how do the living entities venture far away from God? This is shown here. Also, how can they form a permanent relationship with God? If they go away from God it would mean they have no faith and love. Then they would become weak and go to the side of māyā.

In this Bhagavad-gītā, Kṛṣṇa gives knowledge of the soul and the Supreme Soul. He also shows how one can make a relationship with the Supreme Soul and always be with Him.

Kṛṣṇa shows in the gītā that those we think of as relatives in this mundane world are not truly our kin. They are our great enemies. If you look towards them or have affection for them, you will lose everything.

Kṛṣṇa says, “Come, join Me and My eternal companions, the Vrajavāsīs. Then you will get more and more energy and it will never be lost. So much power, faith, taste and all good qualities will come.”

Kṛṣṇa shows that on one side there are so-called blood relatives, and on the other side are our spiritual family members; the Vrajavāsīs. Kṛṣṇa Himself does not say anything. He gives the living entities independence and lets them do everything according to their own desires. He lets them look towards darkness, māyā. Arjuna is Kṛṣṇa’s good friend, he is very close to Kṛṣṇa. Arjuna had relationship with Kṛṣṇa, but not His followers. He had no respect or faith in them.

In this world, who should one reside with? How can one understand who are one’s own true relatives? He shows who that person is, who has fixed intelligence.

Such a person does not look towards māyā. His intelligence is very sharp and one pointed toward God, the soul and Supreme Soul. By meeting with such a person one will become truly happy.

śrī bhagavān uvāca —
kutas tvā kaśmalam idaṁ
viṣame samupasthitam
anārya-juṣṭam asvargyam
akīrtti-karam arjuna

Śrī Bhagavān said: O Arjuna, what is the cause of your delusion at this crucial hour? This is not at all proper for an Āryan. It will neither enhance your reputation, nor lead you to Svarga-loka.


Sanjaya said to Dhṛtarāṣṭra, “Kṛṣṇa now spoke to Arjuna, but Kṛṣṇa is not ordinary; He is God, Bhagavān, fully endowed with all six opulences.”

God has six opulences. This is the meaning of Bhagavān. Bhag means six things: wealth, strength, beauty, fame, knowledge and renunciation, and vān means He who possesses these qualities to the fullest possible extent. If Kṛṣṇa likes, He can give wealth, strength, fame, beauty, knowledge and all renunciation or anurāga to whomever He likes at any time.

When the conditioned souls have lost everything and are in the most dire condition, Kṛṣṇa helps them by sharing His six opulences. If His devotees are very poor and suffering, Kṛṣṇa will give wealth. Then they think, “Oh God is helping me.” If they are weak or devoid of any strength, God will give the power to come back to Him. If no one respects or likes them, God will make them famous. God will give a portion of His glory and make whoever He so desires glorious. Then people will respect that person and he will think, “I now am a great personality.”

God may give śrī; beauty, meaning all good qualities. God also gives spiritual knowledge to defeat everything mundane. Then one will understand what is good and bad for him. If God doesn’t give strength, energy and good intelligence then one will never understand that what he has done is bad for him. If God bestows spiritual knowledge, one will understand what is bad and will not act wrongly or go to wrong places. Knowledge is not everything and although renunciation is necessary, it must be anurāga; for God. Otherwise one cannot give up material attachment.

Therefore Kṛṣṇa thought, “I must give all six opulences to Arjuna.”

This was a very serious and dire situation. Like when one is at the point of death, and without some strong medicine he will definitely die.

Kṛṣṇa thought, “Now I will give Arjuna medicine.” He said, “How did this bad mentality come to you at this time? You are very intelligent and mighty, you know Sanatana-dharma; that which is mundane and where spiritual truth is to be found, but how did you suddenly lose all this knowledge at such a pivotal moment? How did this dangerous position befall you? This is not befitting you and is against dharma. Why are you giving up sanātana-dharma, Myself and your nature as a kṣatriya?”

Kṛṣṇa Himself was also surprised at the position of the living entities of this world. Kṛṣṇa thought, “How can this happen?”

He said, “How can this lamentation have affected you?”

When one person is steadily progressing, coming close to God, even after attaining such a high state there is fear of falling:

ye ’nye ’ravindākṣa vimukta-māninas
tvayy asta-bhāvād aviśuddha-buddhayaḥ
āruhya kṛcchreṇa paraṁ padaṁ tataḥ
patanty adho ’nādṛta-yuṣmad-aṅghrayaḥ
Srīmād-Bhāgavatam 10.2.32

“O lotus eyed one! Those who are not Your devotees may consider themselves to be liberated by their performance of sense-control and severe sādhana, but their intelligence is not pure because they are devoid of the sentiments of unalloyed devotion towards You. As a result of neglecting Your lotus feet which are the only shelter, they again fall down to a degraded condition.”

Even if one has attained the position of a liberated soul, this vulnerability may come. He may fall down.

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