28 March 2017 – Gita Govinda
Srila Jayadeva Gosvami is explaining something very important. If Laksmi-devi were allowed in Vrndavana she would divide everyone with her opulence. We can see that this is her business wherever she goes. The members of a village family, living together simply in a thatched hut, have a harmonious coexistence. But in the cities people do not even want to speak to their neighbors, let alone become friendly with them, even though they are living just one apartment door away.
Therefore, Krsna does not let opulence come into Vrndavana, for if it did, it would disturb everyone. Laksmi-devi fulfils the conditioned soul’s desires, even if those desires are not in his best interest. But Srimati Radharani never cheats us like this. The Vrajavasis have no regard for opulence and thus cannot be divided from Krsna. The sakhas do not have a scholastic education but they have Krsna and can never leave Him. Krsna also never went to school, and He knows nothing else apart from His friends, the cows, and the forest. If Laksmi were to come, they would all be separated.
The Vrajavasis do the greatest tapasya and renunciation but don’t feel that they are doing it. The cowherd boys play and rest on the ground in Vraja, without mats, pillows, or shoes. The gopis are also like this, but their renunciation is the greatest of all. The conditioned souls however are always praying to Laksmi for wealth, opulence, and comfort.
How was Sanatana Gosvami? Madan Mohana said to him, “At least give me salt in my batis.”
“Could you give Me sweets sometimes? Please?”
“Can I arrange these things for Myself?”
“If You wish.”
“And you will stay with Me always?”
“No. I am not Your follower. You do what You like, but I will not be cheated by You.”
Once, by the arrangement of Krsna, a cintamani, touchstone, came into the possession of Sanatana Gosvami. Being completely uninterested in what the stone could offer him, he threw it in a pile of rubbish, saying, “I don’t want anything. Possessing material objects leads to attachment to them. And when there is material attachment, like in the case of Bharata Maharaja, bhajana and seva become impossible.”
Some days later, a person came to meet with Sanatana Gosvami, saying that he had been sent by Siva Thakura to Him. “He said you are very rich,” the devotee of Siva Thakura said.
“I have only one kaupina,” Sanatana Gosvami replied. “What can I give you?”
“No. Siva Thakura never lies.”
“Ah yes, if I am recalling correctly, there is something that might be of value to you in the pile of rubbish over there.”
The man looked in the garbage and found the touchstone. “What is this?” he gasped. Taking that cintamani, he considered his life successful. Then, when he thought deeper about the matter, he said, “Why did Sanatana Gosvami throw this in the trash? Why did he see this cintamani as useless?” Then he inquired from Sanatana Gosvami about what it was that he possossed that could make unlimited worldly wealth seem insignificant.
Sanatana Gosvami knew that if he kept the touchstone, many people would come and disturb his bhajan. They would even try to kill him for it. Living as he did, totally renounced, he could relish the nectar of seva to Radha and Krsna without being disturbed by mundane wealth, or even mice and ants. Why would ants come to him? He had nothing.
Jayadeva Gosvami says that if you want to be a Vrajavasi then you will have to give up attraction to Laksmi and Narayana.
asad-vārtā-veṣyā visṛja mati-sarvasva-haraṇīḥ
kathā mukti-vyāghryā na śṛṇu kila sarvātma-gilaṇīḥ
api tyaktvā lakṣmī-pati-ratim ito vyoma-nayanīṁ
vraje rādhā-kṛṣṇau sva-rati-maṇi-dau tvaṁ bhaja manaḥ
Sri Manaḥ-śikṣā 4
O my dear brother mind! Please abandon altogether the prostitute of contemptible mundane talk, which plunders the entire treasure of pure wisdom. You must unequivocally give up hearing all talk of liberation which, like a tigress, devours your very soul. Furthermore, please abandon even the attachment to Lakṣmīpati Śrī Nārāyaṇa, which leads to Vaikuṇṭha. You should only live in Vraja and worship Śrī Rādhā-Kṛṣṇa, who bestow upon devotees the precious jewel of Their rati.
You are easily attainable for those who are exhausted with this mundane world. On the other hand, no one who has become intoxicated by the four privileges of prestigious birth, wealth and luxury, erudition and physical beauty can approach You with true sincerity.
Do not even look in the direction of opulence. If you do you will become distant from Vraja. Just see. It is said in this verse that Krsna sleeps on a kisalaya resting place—a bed of fresh grass, leaves, and flowers. Vrajavasis don’t collect any kind of opulence. They do not have big houses or buildings. Giriraja is also akincana. He lays on the ground, and before Krsna revealed his full glory, the Vrajavasis used to throw their garbage on him and clean their feet on his surface. Then Krsna teased Indra a little bit and then got him to clean all of Vraja for free. There was no labor fee. Krsna was therefore not so angry with Indra and forgave Him without much delay. The fact that he did some service to Vraja by cleaning it made Krsna happy.
sphuṭati na sā manasija-viśikhena
Ramana means that there is such complete union that there is no space at all in separation. When there is an unseparated composition of points a line is formed. When Krsna meets with Srimati Radharani then Radha-Ramana manifests.
Sukadeva Gosvami told Pariksit Maharaja, “Those who have no attraction to opulence, knowing that it will make them distant from Krsna, are real sadhus.”
pumān virajyeta vinā paśu-ghnāt
Glorification of the Supreme Personality of Godhead is conveyed from spiritual master to disciple in the paramparā system. Such glorification is relished by those who are no longer interested in the false, temporary glorification of this cosmic manifestation. Descriptions of the Lord are the right medicine for the conditioned soul who is undergoing repeated birth and death. Who, therefore, will refrain from hearing such glorification of the Lord, except for a butcher, or one who is killing his own self?
Sadhus are nivṛtta-tarṣair—above involvement in mundanity. If you associate with them then your desire for material opulence will be removed. The sadhus can see the things that are wrong with us and eradicate those obstacles and make way for the flow of pure nectar which they have access to. They have this power. They are our best friends. If someone visits the home of his friend he will, with a simple heart, clean something in the house if he sees it is dirty. So bring the sadhus into your heart, and they will purify you of the bhava-roga.
Selfless service is only found in Vraja and executed by Vrajavasis alone. Some people serve many years in their guru’s asrama but then say, “I have been serving so long and I am not even given a sweet or something in recognition? The Vraja-devis are not like this. They are asulka-dasika, they are unconditional servants. They do not have to be ordered to do something before they do it. If there is mamata then the servant will notice everything that needs to be done before the object of service has to point it out. And they want nothing in return. This is the specialty of Vraja-dhama and the Vraja-devis. The Vrajavasis have no conditions in their seva. Conditions on love destroy relationships.
jvalati na sā malayaja-pavanena
Krsna, in whose heart the gopis are always present, is always smiling. Always smiling and speaking so sweetly.
A conditioned soul hears many worldly words and noises but has no interest to hear the Gita and Bhagavat. He becomes contaminated by collecting that kind of sound. If he were to continuously hear Veda, Vedanta, Bhagavad-gita, and Bhagavatam, which are like Krsna’s own vani, then he would be purified.
man-manā bhava mad-bhakto
mad-yājī māṁ namaskuru
mām evaiṣyasi satyaṁ te
pratijāne priyo ’si meṇaḥ
Offer your mind to Me; become My bhakta by hearing and chanting, etc. about My names, forms, qualities and pastimes; worship Me and offer obeisances to Me. In this way, you will certainly come to Me. I promise you this truthfully because you are very dear to Me. Give me your mind to Me and do bhajana.
mām ekaṁ śaraṇaṁ vraja
ahaṁ tvāṁ sarva-pāpebhyo
mokṣayiṣyāmi mā śucaḥ
Completely abandoning all bodily and mental dharma, such as varṇa and āśrama, fully surrender to Me alone. I shall liberate you from all reactions to your sins. Do not grieve.
api cet su-durācāro
bhajate mām ananya-bhāk
sādhur eva sa mantavyaḥ
samyag vyavasito hi saḥ
Even if a man is of abominable character, if he engages in My ananya-bhajana, he is still to be considered a sādhu, due to being rightly situated in bhakti.
We collect so much garbage with our mind and senses, but have no desire to collect Krsna’s sweet advice. For this, we say, we have no time. We thus burn ourselves by inviting the enemies kama and krodha. Fortunate persons collect only sweet Krsna.
luṭhati na sā himakara-kiraṇena
This verse is describing vanamali Sri Krsna’s lotus feet. Those feet are so cooling. Anyone who puts them in their heart will understand. They will cool that heart and never allow the burning of maya to come there. Therefore, embrace Krsna in your heart.
The Gopis say, “Our hearts are so hard and always burning. Therefore, how can we hope that Your feet, which are very soft, will stay with us?”
dahati na sā hṛdi viraha-davena
Krsna’s beauty is ever-fresh. He does not always have one face and color. His svarupa is always changing for His bhaktas.
Srimati Radharani becomes distressed when She thinks that She is in love with several boys. “Alas, O friend,” She says, “I like that boy who comes with the cows covered in dust in the evening time, who plays the flute and dances with His sakhas as they play other musical instrument.” Then She describes another svarupa of Krsna, and then another, such as Madana Mohana, Govinda, or Syamasundara. But She does not realize they are all Krsna. Krsna’s svarupas manifest according to His bhaktas’ bhakti.
śvasiti na sā parijana-hasanena
There is a certain black stone that goldsmiths use to test whether a metal is gold or not. The gopis say to Krsna that He is like that black stone because He knows where love can be found, and He manifests many svarupas, which accept the love of His many bhaktas. When He tests their love they shine brightly, as gold, unlike other metals, which will shine when rubbed against that special testing stone. They say, “Oh You who decorate gopis with cloth the color of gold, You are like a goldsmith, for you are so fond of gold. You want gold to be within and without.”
vahati na sā rujam ati-karuṇena
The gopis say, “There are many kisoras. They are from many different places and have varied beauty. Their qualities of sweetness and kindness vary. But You are not any of these ordinary kisoras. You are Natavara Nanda-kisora. You very easily find Your way into the hearts of everyone and acquired their hearts. Then your bhaktas cannot escape.”
prasīda re dakṣiṇa muñca vāmatām
kṣaṇaṁ jagat-prāṇa vidhāya mādhavaṁ
puro mama prāṇa-haro bhaviṣyasi
“O Madhava, You are my very life, but why are you scorching Me by staying separate from Me? You employed the formless spirit of Kamadeva and have smitten us even more heavily by presently staying distant.” The gopis pray like this.
praviśatu harir api hṛdayam anena
Jayadeva Gosvami is surrendered to Srimati Radharani and the Vraja-devis. If someone hears this song, then Madhava will steal proprietorship of that person’s heart and never leave.