by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Material nature, prakrti, is enjoyable. Prakrti means enjoyable. And purusa means enjoyer Just like in our present condition we accept the female as the fair sex, enjoyable, and we, male, we think we are enjoyer. By nature the females, they are by nature apt to dress attractively, and the purusa is attracted. So this is prakrti and purusa. Actually none of us are purusa. This conception of purusa, enjoyer, that is there in so called woman and so called man. The man also wants to enjoy. Not only man, every living entity, cats, dogs, trees, aquatics, everyone, because this material world means all the living entities, beginning from Lord Brahma, down to the smallest ant, they are seeking after enjoyment, Purusa. That is purusa spirit. One who seeking enjoyment is called purusa. But actual purusa is Krsna.
We are all prakrti. And because, being prakrti, we are trying to become purusa, that is called māyā, or illusion. Just like if a woman dresses like a man and wants to act as man, that is illusion, similarly, we are differently dressed in the material ingredient, bhumir apo nalo vayuh. Everyone’s body is mad for these five material elements of the mind, intelligence, and there are also the subtle material elements. And with this combination we have gotten this body, and I am the spirit soul. I am trying to enjoy. This is material world. We have forgotten that we are part and parcel of Krsna. Our business is not to enjoy but to help Krsna to enjoy. That is our business, part and parcel.
We have given several times this example, just like these fingers. They are my part and parcel of the body. The finger catches a nice sweetmeat. It is not the business of the fingers to enjoy the sweetmeat, but it gives to the mouth to go to the stomach for enjoyment.
So it is the duty of the part and parcel of God to help Him enjoy. That is bhakti. Bhakti means anukulyena krsnanusilanam. Anukula means favorably. Krsnanusilanam – Krsna consciousness. Always thinking how to make Krsna happy. That is bhakti. Anukulyena krsnanusilanam. Just like the gopīs, the first-class example are the gopīs or the inhabitants of Vrndavana. They are all trying to make Krsna happy. That is Vrndavana. If here also, if you try to make Krsna happy, this can be converted into vrndavana, Vaikuntha. But that attitude we haven’t got. We have got, by the influence of māyā, we have become purusa. We want to enjoy. “Why this Krsna shall enjoy? I shall enjoy. I am Krsna. I am God.” This is going on.
So the enjoyable is this matter, this material world, and the living entities, they are trying to enjoy. They are not actually enjoyer. They are suffering. They are becoming entangled because by this enjoying spirit they are developing different types of mentality, and at the time of death according to that mentality, I get the next body. That means by this enjoying spirit I am getting entangled. I am not becoming free. If I have lived like dogs, dog mentality, then naturally at the time of death my mentality will be like a dog and naturally I get a dog’s body. Then I enjoy. The dog is also enjoying. They forget. The animals… The ant is also enjoying and Lord Brahma is also enjoying. So this purusa spirit is material life.
So that purusa.. purusa means the living entity. Krsna says here that prakrtim prursam caiva viddhy anadi. Anadi, eternal. It is not temporary; it is eternal. There are five things; the living entities, the prakrti, God, and the work…There are … Prakrtim purusam caisva viddhy anadi. Anadi means eternal. It is not created. It is there but it becomes manifested. Just like in the Bhagavad-gita it is said, bhutva bhutva praliyate.
Another example; just like this body, my body, your body. I have got this body; you have got this body. This body will be destroyed. Avinasi tu tad viddhi yena sarvam idam tatam. But my, that consciousness will not be destroyed. This body will be destroyed, but my consciousness will not be destroyed. That is stated in the Bhagavad-gita. Avinasi tu tad viddhi yena sarvam idam tatam. Idam tatam. Idam, this body, is spread with consciousness. If you pinch any part of your body, you will become conscious that it is painful. But how long it is painful/ So long the soul is there and as soon as the soul is gone, you chop it with a dagger; it will not respond. Therefore avinasi tu tad viddhi yena sarvam idam tatam. That thing, that consciousness, is avinasi.
The so-called scientists, they do not know that the consciousness is eternal and it carries me to another body. “I see that this body is destroyed; therefore finish, all finished.” No. You have got practical experience. When you sleep, the body does not work but the consciousness works. You therefore dream in a different atmosphere. You get a different body and enjoy differently. Every day we have got experience. At night I forget this body, and daytime, I forget the dreaming body. So this is also dreaming, at daytime because I forget. At night I saw that I was a king. I was ruling over somebody, or I was lecturing as a political leader, and daytime I see that I am a clerk, neither politician nor king. So I forget the night’s body, and at night I forget the days body.
Similarly, change of body means I forget this body. I had some body, but I cannot say what king of body I had. Of course, there is science, astronomy and other things. They can speak, but I don’t believe it. Or even if I believe, what can I do with that? So we are changing. But the consciousness is not vinasi. Avinasi tu tad viddhi yena sarvam idam tatam. So because the consciousness is not changed, it is creating another body according to consciousness.
10/14/1973 Vaisnava Thakur ki Jaya! Srila Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada ki Jaya!